Andreana Droz

Nutrition for Dogs

Hemp For Dogs, Does It Heal

Orange is the new black and hemp just may be the hip new cannabis. How outrageous is that? More to the point, what does hemp have to do with dogs and nutrition? There are a lot of myths, misnomers, and controversies we need to discuss. It’s become a hot issue being debated by veterinarians around the world. We feed our pup hemp seeds some mornings because it is the only plant in the world that is a complete protein. We recently met with one of our suppliers who informed us of epileptic dogs receiving medical marijuana as treatment. This peaked our interest and so we began to research this new field. We wanted to share the highlights of what we have learned so far. 

Let’s start by answering the million dollar question up front. Is hemp marijuana? No! Hemp is not marijuana.

Hemp vs Marijuana
To better understand the difference, we need to get botanical. Hemp and marijuana are different varieties of the same plant species Canabis Sativa L. It’s like how dogs and wolves are different breeds of Canis Lupis. They are related but differ in scientific make-up and how they are cultivated or bred. For example, hemp is made to grow upward like bamboo (10-15’ high) specifically for its stalks and seeds which are used for textiles, food, paper, body care products, plastics and building materials. That’s why it’s most often referred to as “industrial hemp”.

Marijuana, on the other hand, is grown out like a bush to cultivate the leaves and cannabis flowers used for medicinal and recreational purposes.

David P. West, PhD of the North American Industrial Hemp Council and renowned commercial corn breeder explains that a biochemical method further classifies Cannabis plants by their unique molecular compounds called cannabinoids - the most common being CBD and THC. Marijuana is low in CBD and contains 5-10% THC which is the psychoactive ingredient that gives a “high”. Industrial hemp conversely is high in CBD and has a low .3-1.5% level of THC and considered non-narcotic. 

“Hemp is the miracle plant of our time!  Everyone should know how it will affect not only our lives but our pets.” 

The Cannabis College of Amsterdam attempts to inform the public on all aspects of cannabis and hemp.

Benefits of Hemp
Consider these amazing ecological facts:

  • Hemp has the ability to leach radioactivity from the soil and prevent erosion and mud slides. 
  • Hemp plants mature in just 4 months vs. 20 years for trees.
  • One acre of hemp produces as much fiber pulp as 4.1 acres of trees.
  • Plastics made from hemp are biodegradable. 
  • Hemp is rarely affected by pests or disease.

While grown worldwide, its major producers include Canada, France, and China. The US government doesn’t recognize the differences between industrial hemp and marijuana so cultivation has been prohibited since 1950. 

United States “Marihuana” production permit. In the United States, hemp cultivation is legally prohibited, but during World War II farmers were encouraged to grow hemp for cordage, to replace Manila hemp previously obtained from Japanese-controlled areas.

Prior to 1937, there were more than 10 million acres of seed-laden hemp growing wild in the U.S. and considered a primary link in the food chain. But a recent change in federal law will now allow for colleges and universities to grow hemp for research. That means that after 50 years on hold, America can get on track to once again become the predominant manufacturer of hemp. 

Healthiest Places to Live
Scientists believe that there are five centenarian hot spots on earth: Sardinia; Italy; Okinawa; Cost Rica and the village of Bama Yao in China. Here people live 100+ years without health issues not just because of clean air and water but the commonality in their plant-based diets rich in hemp seeds.

“A diet of hemp seeds can sustain all dietary needs of a person no matter what other unhealthy food is consumed.”

Today, 40% of Americans buy organic foods and hemp products are in their grocery carts. They have gone mainstream sitting on shelves next to flax and soy and appearing in the form of hemp oil, butter, salad dressings, nutrition bars, breads, cookies and even personal care products like soaps, shampoos, and lotions.  

Big Business
Exceeding $581 million in 2013 annual sales according to SPINS market data and The Hemp Industries Association (HIA), hemp is among the fastest growing categories for food and consumer products in the U.S. 

Of the 3 million plus edible plants in the world, no other plant source compares with the nutritional value of hemp seeds. Called the “complete protein” they have the ideal ratios of essential oils and amino acids needed to ward off immune type diseases AND they are the highest source in the plant kingdom of essential fatty acids responsible for the luster in skin, hair, eyes, and even thought processes. 

They’re a great diet supplement for people allergic to soy, containing about 11 grams of protein in a single tablespoon. Hemp provides 50-75% more protein than either flax or chia. 

Hemp seeds have a taste and texture similar to chopped walnuts. Hemp seed meal or cake is the product that remains after the seeds have been crushed and the oil extracted. It still contains 25% protein and can be made into milk, cheese, non-dairy ice cream, burgers & anything soy can be made into.

Further milling of the meal turns it into hemp protein flour used in making breads, pastas, pancakes… and even beer. If you sift the meal even finer which removes most of the fiber – you have hemp protein.

Hemp seed meal or cake was one of the world’s principle animal feeds until this century. It has the advantage of providing a complete diet for a lesser feed cost and allows animals a maximum weight gain without any need for artificial growth steroids. The good fat in hemp seed oil is unique since it is approximately 80% polyunsaturated or “good” fat – the highest of any vegetable oil. These fatty acids can’t be produced by the body and therefore must be obtained from our diets. 

Hemp Dog Food
That’s why hemp seed oil as a supplement or ingredient in dog food is showing great promise as is hempseed meal as an addition to both small and large animal feed.  The protein in hemp is easily digested and could possibly be an alternate or supplemental source of protein in the food but more research is needed. 

Hemp Food Australia, a hemp advocacy group that sells hemp products but no pet products, reports that canine health benefits from hemp protein include:

  • Strengthens the immune system
  • Supports a healthy weight
  • Increases energy
  • Improves condition of skin and fur

While the movement toward incorporating hemp into a pet’s diet is still in its infancy, veterinarians are slowly starting to discover the value of this miracle plant. 

“Dogs are predominantly carnivorous and built to eat meat. That’s why hemp oil & hemp protein power products need to be added as a supplement to the diet… not as a replacement.”

Hemp Oil for Dogs
Most dog foods are like “fast foods” for humans - without all the nutrients and only made to taste good. Hemp seed oil is better than fish or flax seed based oils because it naturally has the perfect Omega 6 to Omega 3 ratio ( 3:1 ) of fatty acids which your dog needs. Hemp oil moisturizes a dog’s skin and fur correctly because it is herbal and has virtually no side effects like fish oil - but it must be administered in the right quantities. Hemp seed oil prevents dog’s skin disorders such as dry nose, dog acne, dog eczema, dog rash and dog dandruff. 

Hemp seed oil can enhance blood circulation and stimulate a dog’s cognitive thinking. Plus, it can thicken its fur texture and lessen shedding. Again, because hemp oil is extracted from the “industrial hemp” plant there are no psychoactive reactors.

Here is the recommended dosage of hemp seed oil for pets: 

  • 10 lbs = 1ml
  • 20 lbs = 1.5ml
  • 30 lbs = 2ml
  • 40 lbs = 2ml
  • 50 lbs = 3ml
  • 60 lbs = 3.5ml
  • 70 lbs = 4ml
  • 80 lbs = 4.5ml
  • 90+ lbs = 5ml

Why Buy Canadian
Before buying hemp products for yourself or your pet, check out where they are grown and manufactured to ensure you are getting the best quality. While there are lots of brands to choose from, Canadian hemp products must meet tough standards. They are “identity preserved” in lots equivalent to “certified organic.” Every lot can be traced to its source. Health Canada only allows hemp to be grown with a government issued permit and requires mandatory lab testing to ensure that all hemp grown there contains 0.00% THC.   

Canada’s primary market for hemp is the U.S. Cylab International will open a new $32 million hemp processing factory in Alberta by 2015 with others like Stemia ready to do the same. They’ll both manufacture everything from dog bedding to bio-fuel.  

Brand Names

One Canadian company that brands its products as HEMP HEARTS™ uses no pesticides, insecticides or chemical preservatives. They are not irradiated, pasteurized or altered in any way from their natural state which might compromise their food value. There’s also enough Vitamin E to keep them from going rancid. 

Experts say that before you buy check the label. Lani Banner of Colorado’s Vitamin Cottage, a health food chain, says, “Look at the back of the label for the test pledge symbol. This is where the companies pledge they are testing all of their hemp seed products to ensure that it has undetectable levels of THC. The symbol looks like a small tear-drop shape that says test pledge.” 

As always, make sure your vet is aware of any supplements that you give your dog or plan to give. While they may be safe, it may interact with a medication or factor in diagnosing an issue your dog may be having. It’s also important not to over supplement which may make them sick. 

Hemp Tips
Since the oils in hemp seeds go rancid rather quickly, they are kept in the refrigerated section of natural food stores. Be aware that heating hemp seeds will destroy the nutritional benefits of the fatty acids so add them to foods after cooking. 

Side Effects
While generally considered safe, here are some side effects to be aware of. Because of the high fat content – even though it’s the good kind – it may cause diarrhea. Start with approximately 1 tsp per day and work your way up to the recommended 2 tablespoon serving. As of 2011 hemp seeds were not known to interact with common medications – but consult your physician before introducing them into your diet. Blue Shield of California cautions anyone taking anticoagulant drugs since hemp seeds inhibit platelets and may pose a bleeding risk. 

Medical Marijuana
Now, let’s talk about the elephant in the room: medicinal marijuana for dogs. 

Dr. Katherine Kramer, a vet with British Columbia’s Vancouver Animal Wellness Hospital, says, “The topic of marijuana for pets is becoming more and more popular. Two years ago pet owners would ask about marijuana once a year. These days, I get asked at least once a week.” Even the American “Veterinary Medical Association” website carries testimonials favoring veterinary cannabis. 

But the real question is should you be giving it to your pet? Should your vet? Research has not yet established safe dosing guidelines for dogs or humans partly because of highly restrictive federal laws that prohibit scientists from thoroughly investigating its effects. But Georgia, a 5-year old Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a medical marijuana patient. Her owner has said “it hasn’t cured her syringomyelia, a serious neurological disorder but it seems to have helped her pain and anxiety when traditional Western medicine wasn’t working.” http://www.cnbc.com/id/101732379#.


Over the Counter Marijuana for Dogs
There is a product called Canna-Pet: Medical Cannabis for Pets that claims to be “100% organic hemp” and according to their marketing an over-the-counter wonder drug created by two veterinarians and an MIT- trained entrepreneur. It’s made from CBD, and won’t get your pets high. But veterinarian Brennan McKenzie of the Adobe Animal Hospital in Los Altos, CA says that claiming it has wide-ranging benefits with absolutely no risks or side-effects is the hallmark of snake oil. 

The Quack Miranda Warning (products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease) required by the Dietary Supplement and Health Education Act is present and so is the disclosure that these statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. McKenzie goes on to say that Canna-Pets’ claims are not supported by research. In reality cannabis-derived compounds for dogs is largely unknown. Though Dan Goldfarb, one of the founders of the company has said “While medical testing continues to confirm the benefits of CBD in humans, we already know it has amazing benefits in small animals, so the time had to come to release a supplement specifically for our favorite small animals- our cats and dogs.” And clinical trials have shown benefits in treating pets with cancer, arthritis, diabetes, digestive issues, chronic pain, and nausea. www.canna-pet.com

What Experts Say About Hemp
World renowned veterinarian Dr. Colmery shared his opinion about alternative food supplements. "If you put a shoe, a can of WD40, and a chicken feather in a box you could call it the perfect protein," he said. “There's cartilage from the hide, fat from the oil, and protein in the feather.  But, it has no nutritional value because you can't eat it."  He said that before he could classify hemp as the single perfect protein, he needed to do more research. "As far as I know, the only single source protein with all 11 essential amino acids is "man himself". 

When UCLA’s Dr. William Eidleman & R. Lee Hamilton, Medical Researcher &-Biochemist were asked about the "life giving values" of cannabis hemp they said, "the promise of super health and the possibility of feeding the world is at our fingertips." 


Hemp Innovation
Picking up on that idea, a Richmond, Virginia entrepreneur opened The Hemp Dog Café selling hot dog buns made from hemp seeds, oil, & flour.

And, if that’s not alternative enough, Push Designs just recently built a house in Asheville, NC using a product known as Hemcrete – a mix of industrial hemp, lime and water. This building material has been used in Europe and Australia since the 1960’s and dates back to 1,000 years to Asia and the Middle East where the Cannabis plant originates from. Its durability is unlike anything except stone and has a 600-800 year life span.


If you want a house built using hemp and are worried about people trying to smoke it, David Mosrie of Push Designs puts it this way: 

"We tell folks they would have to smoke the master bedroom to get high!  It would take smoking 2500 lbs of hemp, so it is a losing effort." 

Sounds kind of funny and far-fetched but who knows. Someday someone might do it for a Guinness world record!

Until then, pet parents should do their own research and decide whether hemp is a good food supplement for their dog. 

Fun Facts

  • Hemp was used in the construction of the great pyramids.
  • It was legal to pay taxes with hemp in American from 1631 until the early 1800’s.
  • Refusing to grow hemp in America during the 17th and 18th centuries was against the law.
  • George Washington and Thomas Jefferson grew hemp. It was Jefferson who smuggled hemp from China to France to America
  • 90% of all ships’ sails and rope were made from hemp.
  • Henry Ford built a plastic car comprised of hemp materials. 
  • Hemp can produce bio-fuel and ethanol better than corn.

Nutrition for Dogs, News

Superfoods | Salmon

We want to introduce a new ice cream flavor. But first lets dig into one the main ingredients, Salmon.

What is a Superfood?

There’s no official scientific definition of a Superfood and many believe it’s just a trendy marketing term coined to hype and hook people into buying products. Sioned Quirke, spokesperson for the British Dietetic Association said, "The term Superfood has no regulatory approval and is not a legally recognized term.” Some nutritionists and food scientists think it’s a marketing trick to fool people into thinking they are eating more healthily. “The new year is prime time for introducing new products with exaggerated health benefits,” Quirke said.

Real Superfoods

Many claim that multi-tasking Superfoods provide multiple disease-fighting nutrients that can cure everything from cancer to impotence. Unfortunately, the benefits aren’t fully substantiated. But, it is generally accepted that Superfoods are dense in nutrients. They contain higher levels of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals than other food types.

So which are the real Superfoods? That depends on what source you read since no two lists are the same. The current trend, however, seems to be exotics like buffalo berries, hemp hearts, manuk honey, sacha inchi, beluga lentils, and shichimi togarashi.

The Power of Salmon

Salmon is in the Superfood Hall of Fame. It’s always on a Top 10 List because it’s one of nature’s most natural sources of Omega 3 essential fatty acids which are good for joints and all around mobility. Because these Omega 3’s don’t occur naturally in the cells of canines, adding them to your dog's diet can be beneficial.

SMOKED SALMON Dog Ice Cream

We may never know what is the perfect "Superfood," but we can select foods that are high in nutrients. That’s why salmon is the star ingredient in our newest ice cream we call “Smoked Salmon”. After more than a year of testing, we finally selected a salmon from British Columbia. The 18 year old company we source from is family operated and the owner is a life-long fisherman. His “honey smoked” salmon contains no artificial preservatives, nitrates or MSG. The rich flavor comes from a secret firing process that uses honey and real hickory wood and not from a honey marinade or glaze. The salmon is made to order and shipped out fresh from the factory.

We take the fully cooked salmon, bake it with peas – a powerhouse source of Vitamin K and other antioxidants –and mix in bits of the crunchy skin. Mark Sisson, celebrated fitness expert and author of Primal Blueprint, Amazon’s #1 bestselling health book calls salmon skin “the bacon of the sea”.  And, what dog doesn’t love bacon (or crunchy fish skin)?

Your pup is a carnivore at heart! It is the main reason why we select high protein ingredients for our ice cream. Each of our dog ice creams features a protein; pulled pork, gouda burger, chicken cheddar, beef brisket, peanut butter bacon, and (new) smoked salmon. According to renowned veterinarian Dr. Karen Becker, “it’s good to rotate proteins in your pet’s diet. That’s because any food that is over-consumed can create an allergy over time.”

Salmon Swim Mainstream

Smoke Salmon Ice Cream.jpg

Buyer Beware! Any food product can be labeled as a Superfood so do your homework. We’re not saying that our SMOKED SALMON dog ice cream has curative powers nor will it give your dog super powers. It’s just a healthy, good tasting treat that will make him happy just like this whimsical painting by Dr. Seuss called Joyous Leaping of Uncanned Salmon might make you smile.

You can order the new flavor here.

News, Nutrition for Dogs

Chinese Imported Dog Treats Cause Of Canine Deaths

Jerky treats from China have made news headlines again because more pups have lost their lives. We decided it was time to learn why this keeps happening. What we found is certainly eye-opening and scary. 

For those of you who might be asking if we use Chinese jerky in our treats, the answer is a resounding NO! One of our signature treats has beef jerky but it’s handcrafted and locally sourced from a small company in rural Michigan.  

Speaking of beef, let’s begin. Remember when the little old lady in the Wendy's commercial asked “where’s the beef” she just wanted a bigger burger. Today, that same question leads us all the way to China.  

Beef is one of the commodities in a high-stakes trade deal between the U.S. and China and may indirectly be responsible for thousands of dogs dying in this country and Australia. Chinese poultry, the other commodity, is likely the killing agent. 

As of May 1, 2014, the FDA has received almost 5,000 complaints of illness in pets that ate chicken, duck or sweet potato jerky treats, nearly all of which are imported from China.

The reports involve more than 5,600 dogs, 24 cats, three people and include 1,000 canine deaths.

This is a complicated and twisted tale that raises many other questions like why the U.S. continues to import these products or why can’t top-notch FDA specialists figure out the cause. There’s more to this story and if chickens could talk, maybe we’d have those answers.

Background

In the past ten years, there has been a dramatic increase in the import of pet food from China. That’s because people in China prefer dark meat poultry which leaves a massive amount of light meat available for export.

From 2003 to 2011, the volume of pet food exports to the U.S. from China has grown 85-fold. Nearly 86 million pounds of pet food came from China in 2011 alone. What’s more, pet treats, including jerky, are now the fastest growing segment of the pet food market.

Drugs

In January 2013, chicken jerky recalls were sparked by the New York State Department of Agriculture when they found some products adulterated with antibiotics that are banned in the U.S. as well as amantadine, an antiviral and anti-parkinsonian medication.

Manufacturing Plant Corruption

After inspecting five high volume jerky producing plants in China, the FDA identified one that falsified documents regarding their use of glycerin. Why is this significant? It’s because glycerin is a toxic by-product in making biodiesel fuel and it has been found in nearly every Chinese jerky treat’s list of ingredients.

Glycerin

Got your chemistry book handy? Glycerin is a sugar and filler. It’s classified as a humectant which means it absorbs water or moisture. It’s used in pet treats so the manufacturer can sell you the weight in water. Glycerin binds the water so as to disguise the water as a solid treat or food, and inhibit mold growth. To make a food soft, moist or semi-moist, glycerin makes up about 10-18% of the product. It’s about 60% as sweet as sugar so the treat maker benefits since dogs can taste sweetness.

Glycerin Market

Now it’s time to grab that economics book. Right now there is an extraordinary amount of biofuel glycerin coming into the market since one gallon of biodiesel yields one pound of glycerin. At this rate, the glycerin market is forced to find new uses for this product. Animal food is where it’s being dumped. 

Below are some of the brand names that contain glycerin: 

  • Beggin’ Strips
  • Beneful (Baked Delights and Snackin’ Slices)
  • Bil-Jac  (liver treats for dogs and Gooberlicious)
  • Blue Buffalo (Blue Bits, Blue Bites, Blue Stix, Super Bars, Blue Bones, Wild Bites, Blue Wilderness Wild Bites)
  • Blue Dog Bakery (Softies, Perfect Trainers)
  • Buddy Biscuits (Soft and Chewy, Chewy Tricky Trainers)
  • Busy Bones
  • Canyon Creek Ranch
  • Carolina Prime
  • Cesar Treats
  • Dentastix (from Pedigree)
  • Good Bites (from Pedigree)
  • Halo (Spot’s Chew)
  • Milo’s Kitchen
  • Pur Luv (Chewy Bites, Little Trix, Grande Bones)
  • Purina Pro Plan (various treats including Roasted Slices)
  • Real Meat Jerky Treats (Jerky Bites, Bitz, Long Stix, Large Bitz)
  • Solid Gold (Beef Jerky, Turkey Jerky, Lamb Jerky, Tiny Tots)
  • Snausages
  • T-Bonz
  • Waggin Train
  • Wellness (Wellpet, Wellbites)
  • Zukes  (Hip Action, Natural Purrz, Jerky Naturals, Mini Naturals)

Natural vs. Natural Glycerin

Until recently, most glycerin for pet food was produced as a byproduct of soap making and considered safe for pet consumption. Pet food makers that use soap glycerin try to distinguish their products by calling it “natural." Buyer beware because bio-diesel glycerin is also categorized as “natural” but it’s not been approved by the FDA yet.

Irradiation

Here’s another interesting fact. According to FoodandWaterWatch.org (a consumer advocacy organization) there are no reports of pet illness or death linked to the same jerky treats in Europe. What’s different? Both the U.S. and Australia use irradiation – the process of exposing food to ionizing radiation to destroy microbes. The problem is it doesn’t successfully destroy all of them and can alter the food. From the OrganicConsumers.org website:  “Studies show that animals fed with irradiated food have shown increased tumors, reproductive failures and kidney damage.

Symptoms

Symptoms reported by pet owners include gastrointestinal, liver, kidney and urinary disease.

About 10% of the illnesses included neurologic, dermatologic, and immunologic symptoms and about 15 percent tested positive for Fanconi syndrome – a rare and fatal kidney disease.

Consumer Awareness

Incredibly, even with all the media coverage over the years, there are still pet parents that are totally unaware of the jerky treat situation. Otherwise, how could they knowingly continue to buy the foreign jerky?  Maybe it’s because manufacturers don’t have to list the country of origin for each ingredient used in their products which means they still may be sourced from China.

Or, they just don’t get it. Nina Leigh Krueger, head of Purina’s recalled Waggin ‘Train brand, said they had thousands of customers calling for it to be back on store shelves. 

So Purina re-launched the treat, now including two varieties made in the U.S.  “We still produce our Chicken Jerky Tenders in China but we now get our chicken there from a single U.S.-owned supplier which oversees the process from egg through to treat,” said Bill Cooper, Nestle Purina’s vice president of manufacturing. He declined to name the supplier but said the company now routinely tests for 40 types of antibiotics.

Recalls

Due to consumer pressure, PetSmart and Petco will ban all treats from China by year end 2015. 

Processing in China

Food Safety News just revealed that the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will soon allow U.S. chickens to be sent to China for processing before being shipped back to the states for human consumption. Considering that there are no plans to station on-site USDA inspectors at these subpar Chinese plants, it’s disturbing to say the least. Also, consumers won’t know which brands of chicken are processed in China because there’s no requirement to label it as such.

Report Complaints

You can report complaints about FDA-regulated pet food products by calling the consumer complaint coordinator in your area  or go to:  http://www.fda.gov/petfoodcomplaints. 

You can also get dog food recall alerts delivered to your Inbox by subscribing to The Dog Food Advisor’s Dog Food Recall Alert email notification list or follow them on Twitter.

Wrap Up

I hope this article has raised awareness of what’s going on in the pet industry.  Personally, I was blown away by what I discovered.  I recommend reading the Hearing on the Threat of China’s Unsafe Consumables by Patty Lovera, Assistant Director of Food and Water Watch dated May 8, 2013 for a good overview.   http://www.foodandwaterwatch.org/doc/china_house_testimony_may_2013.pdf

We want you to know that Arrfscarf will continue to source locally and maintain close relationships with our vendors. Our goal has always been and always will be to give your pups the very best.  

Until now, who would have imagined that jerky could be the tipping point for economic trade disaster and personal tragedy. It’s certainly a story of international intrigue. But as we found out, the real story is not about jerky, chickens, or even dogs.  It’s all about money and there’s only one way to fight back. Voting with your purchasing dollars. Buy local and U.S. made products.